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五方面理解“新基建”内涵与重点

发布日期: 2019-07-09 信息来源: 经济参考报

   yishuzijingjiweidaibiaodexinjingji,zaidangjindaibiaozhefazhanqianyan、fazhanfangxiang、fazhanqushihefazhanweilai。xinjingji,yiweizhexuyaoyuzhixiangshiying、xiangpeitaodexinxingjichusheshi。jinqiyilai,yaboappxinxingjichusheshijianshechengweigejieguangfanreyidehuati。zheili,nicongwugeweidushenkelijie“xinjijian”deneihanyushenyi。

亚博APP   congxiayiyuguangyijiaodurenshi“xinjijian”

   2018nian12yue19ri,zhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyijiang5g、rengongzhineng、gongyehulianwang、wulianwangdingyiwei“xinxingjichusheshijianshe”,ji“xinjijian”,zuoweiguanfangshoucitichuzheiyigainian。2019nianzhengfugongzuobaogaoyaoqiu,“jiaqiangxinyidaixinxijichusheshijianshe”。2020nian2yue3rizhi3yue4ri,jinzhongyangcengmianzhishao5cibushuyu“xinjijian”xiangguanderenwu,zhuyaobaokuoqidalingyu: 5gjizhanjianshe、tegaoya、chengjigaosutieluhechengshiguidaojiaotong、xinnengyuanqichechongdianzhuang、dashujuzhongxin、rengongzhinenghegongyehulianwang。2020nianzhengfugongzuobaogaotichu,zhongdianzhichi“liangxinyizhong”jianshe。“liangxin”weixinxingjichusheshijianshe,xinxingchengzhenhuajianshe;“yizhong”weijiaotong、shuilidengzhongdagongchengjianshe。

   shulifaxian,“xinjijian”kefenweixiayi“xinjijian”heguangyi“xinjijian”。qizhong,xiayi“xinjijian”zhishuzijichusheshi,baokuo5gjizhanjianshe、dashujuzhongxin、rengongzhineng、gongyehulianwangdeng。guangyi“xinjijian”zhironghejichusheshi,baokuotegaoya、xinnengyuanqichechongdianzhuang、chengjigaosutieluhechengshiguidaojiaotong,yijijiaotong、shuilizhongdagongchengdeng。yejiushishuo,liyongxinyidaixinxijishuduibaokuonengyuan、jiaotong、chengshi、shuilizaineidechuantongjichusheshijinxingshuzihuagaizao,jinerxingchengronghejichusheshi,liruzhihuinengyuanjichusheshi、zhihuijiaotongjichusheshi、zhihuichengshijichusheshi、zhihuishuilijichusheshideng。zuoweiguangyi“xinjijian”,bujinfuwuyuzhihuichanye(zhihuinongye、zhihuizhizaoye、zhihuifuwuye)、zhihuiqiye、zhihuizhengfufazhan,haifuwuyuzhihuinengyuan、zhihuijiaotong、zhihuichengshi、zhihuishuilifazhan;bujinfuwuyugongjiduanshengchanfangshigeming,haifuwuyuxuqiuduanshenghuofangshigeming,jinertuidongzhongguoshehuiquanmianjinrushuzijingjishidai。

   5gyushuju

亚博APP   weixinxingjichusheshitigongzhicheng

   yaboappxinxingjichusheshi,muqianyejieyou“qilingyushuo”、“sandaleishuo”(2020nian4yue20ri,zaiguojiafagaiweixinwenfabuhuishangmingque“xinjijian”defanwei,baokuoxinxijichusheshi、ronghejichusheshi、chuangxinjichusheshidengsandalei)、“liangfenfashuo”deng。jixiayi(shuzi)jichusheshi,fanzhiyihulianwangweidaibiaodexinyidaixinxijishuqun,jianchengwei“xinjishuqun”,baokuo: dashuju、yunjisuan、hulianwang、wulianwang、rengongzhineng、zhinengzhongduan;ict(xinxitongxinjishu)、dt(shuzijishu)、cps(xinxiwulironghexitong)、vr(xunixianshi)、ar(zengqiangxianshi)、qukuailian;shibiejishu(zhiwen、yuyin、lianbu)、wurenjishu、3djishu、5gjishu,dengdeng。gaikuoshuolai,xiayi(shuzi)jichusheshizouxiangdazhiruxia: congpchulianwangdaoyidonghulianwang,congxiaofeihulianwangdaochanyehulianwang,conghulianwangdaowulianwang,congwanwuhuliandaowanwuzhineng,congwulianwangdaozhilianwang,congruorengongzhinengdaoqiangrengongzhineng,congqiangrengongzhinengdaochaorengongzhineng。zongzhi,yiqiedoutixianwei“hulianwang+、wulianwang+、dashuju+、qukuailian+、rengongzhineng+”deng。

   xutebiezhichu,xinxingjichusheshiyexuyaojichusheshidezhicheng,shouxianshi5g,suoyouyingyongchangjingbixuyituo5g。qitedianyishigaosulv。yibanrenwei,5gwangsushi4gde50-100bei。ershidishiyan。yibanrenwei,5gwangluoyouzhedizhi1haomiaodeyanchi。sanshiguangfugai,baokuogengduoshebei、gengdafanwei、genggaorongliang。yibanrenwei,5grongliangshi4gdeshushibei。sishigaokekao,baokuogaoganzhixing、gaoanquanxing、gaowendingxing、gaolingmindu。wushigaochengben,baokuojizhanmiduzhigao,touzijuda。

   qicishishuju,suoyoujingjihuodong,bixuyituoshuju。shujujuyoujiazhi,tongguoshujucaiji、shujuchucun、shujujiagong、shujujicheng、shujufenxi,shixianshujuzuoweishengchanyaosuqudongjingjizengzhang。raner,shujugudao、shujubileidaozhideshujusuipianhua,zaihendachengdushangjiangdileshujujiazhi。jianci,shixingshujukaifang,yizeshujukuajieronghe,erzeshujukuajiegongxiang。zheili,bumenliyi、shujubaohudengtizhixing、zhengcexingwentibixuyinqigaoduzhongshiyibingjiayijiejue。

   “xinjijian”yu“laojijian”xianghubuchongxianghuzhichi

亚博APP   jichusheshidebenzhijiushihulianhutongfahuilianjiezuoyong。yishidatongshitikongjianzhijiandexianghulianxi,ershidatongxunikongjianzhijiandexianghulianxi,sanshidatongshitikongjianhexunikongjianzhijiandexianghulianxi。kongjianshirenleicongshiyiqiejingjihuodongdechangsuo。suizheshidaibianhua,duikongjianderenshiyezaibuduanshenhua。kongjian1.0zhuyaozhiluyu;kongjian2.0zengjialehaiyu,baokuoqianhaishenhai、jinhaiyuanhai;kongjian3.0zejinyibuzengjialekongyu,baokuodikong、gaokong、taikong;kongjian4.0youzengjialexunikongjian。dangjinshehui,zhengshijiezhujichusheshi,bujinluyuhaiyukongyurongweiyiti,erqieshitikongjianyuxunikongjianyerongweiyiti。

   chuantongjichusheshidaduojuxianyushitikongjianyouqiluyu,zhongzaiyouxinglianjie,ji“qiaolianjie”,zhuyaobaokuogonglu、tielu、jichang、gangkou、matou、qiaoliangdeng,sucheng“tiegongji”。xinxingjichusheshibujinzaishitikongjian,gengtuozhanzhixunikongjian,zhongzaiwuxinglianjie,ji“yunlianjie”,zhuyaobaokuoyihulianwangweidaibiaodexinyidaixinxijishuqun,yecheng“yunsheshi”。jianci,“xinjijian”he“laojijian”bushixianghupaichi、xianghutidaiguanxi,ershixianghubuchong、xianghuzhichiguanxi。xinxingjichusheshi,bujintishenglechuantongjichusheshigongneng,erqiefangdalechuantongjichusheshizuoyong。“xinjijian”jiali,“laojijian”gaizao,keyigenghaofahuijichusheshijianshe“shuanglun”qudongzuoyong。

亚博APP   xuyaozhichudeshi,zuoweixinxingjichusheshijianshe,zhongguozaixiaofeihulianwanglingyuchuyuguojilingxianshuiping,qibiaozhishi,xianshanggouwu、xianshangzhifu、xianshangxuexi、xianshanghuiyifazhanxunsu,tebieshixinguanfeiyanyiqingbaofayilai,guorenyizhujianxiguanxianshangshenghuo。tongshi,chanyehulianwanglingyujichusheshijiansherengranzhihouyufadaguojia,biaoxianzaigongzuorenyuanyuanchengbangonglv、qiyeshuzijishushentoulv、zhizaochanyejiqirenmidudengzhibiaoyuandiyufadaguojia。zheili,bujinxuyaozhengquerenshi“xinjijian”he“laojijian”deguanxi,gengyaozhengquechuli“xinjijian”zhongxiaofeihulianwanghechanyehulianwangdeguanxi。

亚博APP   tuidong“xinjijian”detongshiyaopeiyu“xinqiye”

亚博APP   fazhanshuzijingjiyichengweiquanqiugeguozhongsujingjixingtaidegongtongxuanze,yishuzijingjiweidaibiaodexinjingjizaizhuanxingfazhanzhongxingchengqiangjingshitou。genjuzhongguoxinxitongxinyanjiuyuan《quanqiushuzijingjixintujing(2019)》yanjiubaogao,2018nian,meiguoshuzijingjiguimowei12.34wanyimeiyuan,weijuquanqiudiyiwei,zhanqigdpde60.2%;zhongguowei4.73wanyimeiyuan,weijuquanqiudierwei,zhangdpde34.8%。jinyibubijiaokezhi,2018nian,zhongguogdpzongliangshimeiguode66.3%,raner,zhongguoshuzijingjiguimojinweimeiguode38.3%。jinguanzhongmeizaishuzijingjifazhanzhongchuyuquanqiulingxiandiwei,danshi,erzhezhijianrengrancunzaijiaodachajuyeshikeguanxianshi。

   wuyongzhiyi,“xinjijian”jishiqianghuashuzijingjifazhandejichubaozhang,youshituijinshuzijingjizengzhangdezhongyaoyinqing,gengshirongrushuzijingjishidaideguanjiansheshi。jiakuaishuzijingjifazhan,qizhuashouyizhishi“xinjijian”,lingyizhishi“xinqiye”,liangzhezhizhongrenheqiyibukepianfei。hekuang,“xinqiye”shishishi“xinjijian”dehexinzhuti。shijianbiaoming,“xinqiye”zaishujuqudongzengzhangzhonghuifahuixiandaoyoushi、qizheyinlingzuoyong。jutongji,jiezhi2017nian3yue,quanqiu10dachaojishuzipingtaiqiyequanbulaizimeiguohezhongguo。qizhong,meiguo7jia,baokuopingguo、guge、weiruandeng,zhanqizongshizhide78.5%;zhongguo3jia,baokuoalibaba、tengxun、baidu,zhanqizongshizhide21.5%。jinhou,zhongguogedi,yishizhongdianzhichiyipibatzheiyangyileichaojishuzipingtaiqiyechengzhang,ershijiakuaifazhanyipileisitoutiao、xiaomi、didizheiyangdedujiaoshouqiye,sanshiquanlituichuyipidenglingqiye,tamendaibiaozheyigedifangdeshuzijingjifazhanzhiliangheshuzijingjihuoyuechengdu。weilaichaojishuzipingtaiqiye、dujiaoshouqiye、denglingqiyeshibichengweidifangjingjifazhandebiaopei,yaoxiangdaguimocongshi“xinjijian”yiyang,dapiliangpeiyu“xinqiye”。

   congsiweicengmianlijie“xinjijian”dezhongyaoyiyi

   jinqi,gedixianqixinyilunde“xinjijian”rechao,zheijishiyingduidangqianjingjixiaxingyalidexuyao,gengshibujuweilaijingjigaoxiaofalidexuyao。xuyaozhichudeshi,xinxingjichusheshi,jishijichusheshi,yeshishuzijishu,haishixianjinchanye,gengshiyizhongsiweifangshi。yinci,dui“xinjijian”delijie,bunengjinjuxianyuwuzhicengmian,gengxuyaotuozhanzhisiweicengmian。

亚博APP   jinru21shijiyilai,yihulianwangweidaibiaodexinyidaixinxijishugeming,jiakuaiyinzhijingjishehuihuodongfashengzhongdabianhua: yishicongdisuzhuangtaizhuanxianggaosuzhuangtai,qibiaoxianwei“sigezhouqi”bianduan: chanyeshengmingzhouqibianduan,chanpinshengmingzhouqibianduan,jishushengmingzhouqibianduan,zhishishengmingzhouqibianduan,zheiduigexinggeyexingchengquanxintiaozhan。ershicongquedingxingqingjingzhuanxiangbuquedingxingqingjing,buquedingxingchengweichangtai,renhezhongdajuecehuodongdoujiangzhiyu“vuca”qingjing(v,yibianxing;u,buquedingxing;c,fuzaxing;a,mohuxing)。sanshicongxianxingbianhuazhuanxiangfeixianxingbianhua。shuzijingjishidai,dazaozhishuxingzuzhi,tuidongzhishuxingchengzhangchengweibixu,yejiuyiweizhegaosuduzengzhanghegaozhiliangfazhanliangzherongweiyiti、xianghujiachi。sishicongshitikongjianzhuanxiangxunikongjian,xushikongjianliangzhedatongrongweiyiti;bujinruci,xunikongjianjuyou“sanlingyiwu”tedian,jilingshijian、lingjuli、lingchengben、wubianjie。wushicongtongdaozhuiganzhuanxianghuandaochaoche,kuajiejingzhengchengweibiran,xinyetaixinmoshicengchubuqiong,goujianshuzijingjishengtaichengweidashi。

   suizhejingjishehuicongfeixinxihua、feishuzihua、feizhinenghua、feiwangluohuaxiangxinxihua、shuzihua、zhinenghua、wangluohuadequanmianzhuanxing,renleishenghuofangshi、shengchanfangshinaizhisiweifangshifashengzhongdageming,yiqiedouzaidianfuzhizhong,yiqiedouzaizhonggouzhizhong。yinci,bunengjiu“xinjijian”tan“xinjijian”,zhengquedesiweifangshishitiaochu“xinjijian”tan“xinjijian”,youcicainengrenqing“xinjijian”deshenke、shenyuan、shenqingyiyi。

亚博APP(zuozhexizhongguoshehuikexueyuanshuliangjingjiyujishujingjiyanjiusuofusuozhang、yanjiuyuan) 

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