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发力数字经济 发展产业互联网

发布日期: 2018-07-18 信息来源: 北京商报

    yihulianwangweidaibiaodexinyidaixinxijishudeshenruyingyong,shidewoguoshujuzichanguanyuquanqiu,bijiangyinfaxinyilundechanye、jingji、zhili、anquandenglingyudeshenkebiange,zouchuzhongguotesedehulianwangfazhandaolu,chanshengzhongguozijidechanyefazhanlilun。

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    产业互联网、消费互联网、工业互联网辨析

亚博APP    woguohulianwangchanyejingguoershijiniandefazhanyijingchuzaishijiefazhandediyizhenying,zongtieryan,yitengxun、alibaba、baidudengweidaibiaodehulianwanggongsiyumeiguodeyamaxun、facebook、pingguodenghulianwanggongsiyiyang,tigongdefuwujuedabufenjujiaozaixiaofeilingyu,zheigefazhanjieduanbeigaikuoweixiaofeihulianwang。

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    主导产业互联网发展的是“产业”而非“互联网”

亚博APP    zhangqiyilai,renmenyouyigewuqu,jiushiyitanhulianwangjiuyanbichengbat(baidu、tengxun、alibaba)。chanyehulianwangdeweilai,buzaishuyuzheixiedaxinghulianwanggongsi,ershishuyuneixiebingchengchanyeweizhudao、ronghehulianwangjishudeyixiexinxingqiye。

    互联网将提供越来越多、越来越重的服务

    congkaishijiandandefenleimulu、xinxijiansuodaotigongshangpinjiaoyi、dianzizhifu,hulianwangshangjihukeyiwanquanhangaishenghuoleidesuoyoufuwu。yuelaiyueduodehe“shengchan”xiangguandefuwujiangzhubutongguohulianwanglaishixian。zheijiushihulianhechanyeshenduronghedeguocheng。

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    互联网上链接将越来越紧密

    rutuzongzhousuoshi,qichu,gerenzaihulianwangshangbuxuyaoshenfenhezhanghu,dansuizhedianzishangwudefazhan,renmenbixujianlizhanghujixinxi,fouzewufashoudaohuowu。yinci,hulianwangzailianjiefangxiangshangdefazhan,congfanshejiaowangluotuozhandaogongzuowangluo,weiraozheshengchan、liutong、jiaoyidenghuanjie,xingchengbutongdeshequn。erzheixieshequnbuhuidulicunzai,ershirongrudaotigongshengchanfuwudehulianwangyingyongzhong。

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    传统互联网公司的局限

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    互联网与产业深度融合形成数字生态

亚博APP    chanyehulianwangheshitijingjishenduronghe,jiangchanyezhongdadaxiaoxiaodejingyingtiguangfanlianjieqilai,xingchengxinxingdejingjiti,ji“shuzishengtai”。

    数字生态的三大特征

    congqiyejiaodukan,daliangyizhixingdeqiyetongguochanyehulianwangzuzhiqilai,jiezhudashuju、hulianwangjinmidironghezaiyiqi,xingchenggongsheng、hushengnaizhizaishengdejiazhixunhuantixi;congxingyejiaodukan,butongdexingye,yewujiaocha,shujutonglian,yunyingxietong,xingchengxindechanyeronghejizhi;congzuzhijiaodukan,youcichanshengde“jingjiti”kuayuediyu、xingye、xitong、zuzhi、cengjixingchengguangfanhezuodeshehuixietongpingtai。

    数字生态是数字经济基本单元

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    发展产业互联网的价值和意义

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    产业互联网是解决传统产业发展不平衡不充分的最佳实践

    chuantongdechanyeshengjimoshitongchangshitongguofuchilongtouqiyefazhan,daidongxingyezhengtixingshengji,danjieguowangwangshifeilelongtou、shoulelongshen、qionglelongwei。tongguochanyehulianwangshixianchanyeshengjidemoshizejieranbutong: chanyehulianwangpingtaiweigaixingyeneisuoyouqiyetigongwanzhengde、pingdengdeyewuzhidao、shengchanguanli、jiaoyicuohe、liutongfuwu、jinrongzhichidengfuwu,bingcongzhonghuoqushouyi,qiliyihechanyedezhengtifanrongxixixiangguan。yinci,pingtaitianrandeshimingjiushiranggengduodechuantongqiyeyongdeshangxianjindeguanlifangshi,yongdeqipuhuidejinrongfuwu,yongdehaojiaoyicuohefuwu,huajiechanyefazhanbupingheng、buchongfendemaodun,congercujinxingyezhengtixingdezhuanxingshengji。

    产业互联网是促进金融服务实体经济、融入实体经济的典范

    jiezhuchanyehulianwang,jinrongfuwuchedirongrushitijingjizhong,jinrongzijinwanquanshizaishengchanshiti、liutongshiti、jiaoyishitijianliuzhuan,erbushizaibutongdejinrongjigouzhijiankongzhuan,zheijiuyizhilejinrongpaomodechansheng,congyewuluojishangchediquchulechanyejinronggangganguodudeturang。tongshi,jiezhuchanyehulianwang,jinrongdefengxiankongzhijizhiqianyidaochanyeshengtaideyewufengxiankongzhizhongqu,chanyeshengtaideyewufengxiankongzhijizhiqudailejinrongbumenneibudecaiwufengxiankongzhijizhi。yinci,zhiyaoshengtaifanrong,shengshengbuxi,jinrongyewujiuhuifengxiankekong。

    产业互联网是我国产业整体性超越美国的历史契机

亚博APP    duibizhongmeichanyejiegoudeyitong,keyikanchu,zongtishangmeiguogegechanyefazhanxiangduichengshu,chanyejizhongduhexinxihuashuipingbijiaogao,chanyegejuwending。zhongguodabufenchanyejizhongduhexinxihuashuipingbijiaodi,chanyegejuzongtishangchengxian“xiaosanluanruo”detezheng。danqiaqiashiwoguozheizhongluohoudechanyejiegoutigonglechanyejianhulianhutong、shenruronghedeguangkuoturangheneishengdongli。diyichanye、dierchanyehedisanchanyedeshendurongheshiwoguochanyejiegoubianqiandedaqushi,ronghejinrongfuwu、wuliufuwu、jiaoyifuwu、tongxunfuwudengshengchanxingfuwuyeshichanyeronghedegenbenfangxiang,erdashuju、hulianwang、rengongzhinengzejiangchengweichanyejianshenruronghedejishujichu。zheiyilunchanyeshengtaiderongheguochenghuojiangchedilakaizhongmeichanyejiegoudechayi,yishuzishengtaiweizuixiaojingyingdanweideshuzijingjijiangzhengtixingchaoyueyiqiyeweizuixiaojingyingdanweidechuantongjingji,zaojiuwoguochanyezhengtixingdehoufayoushi。

    构建现代化经济体系的政策建议

    我国发展产业互联网的困境与挑战

    renzhifangmianxianzaixuduorenkandaichanyedefangshi,yiranshigulide、geliede,meiyoucong“shuzishengtai”dequanjuqukaolv,meiyoubadiyi、dier、disanchanyexietongqilaikanwenti。ciwaijiushiquefaduishuzijingjidemingxidingyi,quefaduishuzijingjiyushitijingjiguanxidebianzhengrenzhi,quefaduishuzijingjideshenruyanjiuhelilunzhicheng。

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    shujuanquanjingyouchanyehulianwangxingchengdeshuzishengtaihuijulehailiangdeshuju。shanyuyunyongzheixieshuju,keyicujinxingyedefanrong,danshiyidanxielu,yehuijiguojiaheqiyezaochengbukeguliangdesunshi。woguodashujuhexinjishuchanpinnanyizizhu,shejidehexincunchu、jisuandengruan、yingjianzhuyaoyikaoguowaichanpin,guanjianjishubunenganquankekong;dashujudexinxiqiequshouduangengjiayinbiheduoyuanhua,daozhigerenyinsixielu、xingyeshangyemimixieluheguojiajingjishujuxieludefengxiangaoqi;dashujuduyoude“shujuwuran”wentihuizaochengyanzhongdeshehuiziyuanlangfeidengdeng;zhuduoshujuanquanwentixuyaoyouxitongxingdejiejuefangan。

    shujuronghenandudanyiqiyehennanqiaodongxingyeshujuziyuan,nanyichengdanfazhanshuzijingjijichusheshijianshedegaoetouru;shujudesuoyouquanheshiyongquanquefamingquedefalvbaozhang;longduanxingyezuoxianggaoelirunquefabiangededongli,xiaoqiye、ruoxingyeyoumeiyoushixianshuzijishuyuchanyeshenduronghedenengli,kejiqiyetongguo“hulianwang+”lujingqiaodongchuantongchanyewangwangshuitubufu,xianyouchenggonganli。yinci,weileqieshituidongzhongguochanyehulianwangdefazhan,jiakuaijiansheyishuzijingjiweihexindexiandaihuajingjitixi,xuyaocongguojia、xingye、shehui、qiyeduogecengmian,conglilun、zhanlve、zhengce、ziben、renli、jishu、lifa、jichusheshidengduogeweiduquanfangweishice,yiquanmiangoujianzhongguoshuzijingjifazhanlantuhefazhantixi。

    发展产业互联网政策及建议

    jiangfazhanshuzijingjishangshengdaoguojiazhanlvecengmianyaolizugoujiandaguoxiandaihuajingjitixidezhanlvemubiao,zhidingguojiacengmiandeshuzijingjizhanlve、dashujuzhanlve、chanyehulianwangfazhanzhanlve。tongguoguojiazhanlveyinling,miaohuishuzijingjilantu,tuidongshuzijingjidexitonghuajianshe,tuidongzhengfubumenjinkuaichutaipeitaodeshuzijingjifazhanzhengce,jilixingyezuzhiyindaochanyeshitihekejiqiyejijixiangying,xiyinguojiazibenheminjianzibendaligenjin。

    congguojiaanquanguandegaodugoujianshuzianquantixishuzijingji、shuzianquan、shuzizhiligoucheng“shuzizhongguo”sangexiangfuxiangchengdeyaosu。zaishuzishengtaizhong,jingjiwenti、anquanwenti、zhiliwentijiaozhizaiyiqi,wufaqiege,bixuxunqiuyitihua、zhengtixing、xitongxingdejiejuefangan。yinci,yaojinkuaijianliduandaoduandeshuzianquanchulijizhi、quanwangluokongjiantongyideneirongganzhiheyingjichulijizhi、quanwangluoshebeitongyideanquanmianyiheyingjichulijizhi。jinkuaichutai“shujuanquanfa”,zaiquebaoguojiaanquan、gerenyinsidejichushang,gulishujuronghe、yingyong,mingquegeleishujudesuoyouquan、shiyongquan、shouyiquan,huadingcongyezhedixian,weishuzijingjifazhanbaojiahuhang。

    yaojinkuaituidongshuzizhilitixijiansheanzhaozaishenshenbaorongdeqiantixia,buduanwanshanfengxianfangfantixi,zhichichuangxinyujiaqiangjianguanbingju。yaojinkuaizhidingjishubiaozhun,jinkuaixingchengxingyeguize;jiaqiangguojijianhezuo,gongtongtantaoshuzijingjideguojiguizehezhilitixi。yaodalituidongwangluokongjianzhili,shishuzijingjinenggouzaifazhanchuqijiunaruyangedejianguanzhixiaheguifanzhixia,bimianchuxianp2pneiyangdeluanxiang。yaojiakuaiguojiajidejichusheshijianshe,weironghefazhantigongjichubaozhang。

    tuozhanguojiawangluokongjian,chuanbowoguoshuziwenmingdezaitisuizheshuzijingjidefazhan,weilaiguojiadejingzhenghaijiangtixianzaishujuziyuandejingzhengshang、shujukongjiandezhengduoshang、shuziwenmingdehuayuquanshang、shuzizhuquandesuoyouquanshang。suoyi,yaodalifuchichanyehulianwangdeminzuqiyezouchuguomen,goujianjianshide“shuziyidaiyilu”,weixiangguanguojiadegegexingyetigongshengchanfuwu、liutongfuwu、jiaoyifuwu,cujinxiangguanguojiadechanyejiegouxiangshuzishengtaiqianyi,bingnaru“yidaiyilu”dezongtijingjixunhuan,lvxianxingcheng“shuzimingyungongtongti”,queliwoguozaishuzikongjian、shuziwenming、shuzijingjifangmiandedaguozhudaodiwei。

    shelizhongguochanyehulianwangyanjiuyuan,zhuajinbushuyipijichuxingyanjiuxiangmuchanyehulianwangdefazhanshejiguojiashuzianquan、shitijingjizhuanxingfazhanyijishuzihuashehuizhilidengfangfangmianmiandewenti。zheixiewentixuyaoquanmianbawo、shenruyanjiu。yinci,jianyijinkuaichenglizhuanmendezhikuxingzuzhi,duishiguanguojiazhanlve、minshengbaozhang、guominjingjifazhandehexinchanyelvxiankaizhanjichuxingyanjiu,zhidingchanyehulianwangfazhanshishijihuaguihuajijichuxingxiangmuguihua。zheishituidongchanyehulianwangfazhandeshouyaogongzuo。

亚博APP    shelichanyehulianwangtouzijijin,zhongdianzhichichanyehulianwangpingtaixinggongsichanyehulianwangpingtaixinggongsishidaidongchanyezhengtixingzhuanxingshengjideshuniu。weilegengyouxiaodituidongpingtaixinggongsidefazhan,womenxuyaobianbeidongweizhudong,bayuanbenjidaoqiyedezhengcexingbutie,bianweitouzichanyehulianwangdeyindaojijin,tongguoguojiazibendeyindaodaidongshehuizibendetouru。

    jianyichengli“zhongguochanyehulianwangxiehui/lianmeng”,tuidongxingyegaosu、zilvfazhanxinxingdechanyehuhuxinxingdexingyezuzhi。jiezhuxingyezuzhideliliang,bachanyezhongshejidegegehuanjie,youjidixianjieqilai,xingchengtongyifazhandehongliu。zhongdianguanzhuchuantongde“xiaosanluanruo”chanyezhongdanshengchudexinxingchanyehulianwanggongsi,bangzhuzheileiqiyebafuwutuozhandaoquanxingye,xunsuzuodazuoqiang。

亚博APP    yi“shuzijingji”weineihedexiandaihuajingjitixidexingcheng,jiangshizhongguoduiyushijiedejudagongxian。bawozheibainianyiyudelishiqiji,yanzhechanyehulianwangdelujingjiandingdizouxiaqu,womenbudannengjiansheyigeqiangdadeshuzizhongguo,tongyanghainengjiansheshuzi“yidaiyilu”,zuizhongshixianshuzirenleimingyungongtongtidehongyuanmubiao。

    (zhaoguodongxizhongguancundashujuchanyelianmengmishuzhang;wujiangximinmengzhongyangjingjiweiyuanhuiweiyuan)  

    wen / zhaoguodong wujiang 

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