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中共中央 国务院大赢家体育深化教育改革全面推进素质教育的决定

zhongfa〔1999〕9hao (1999nian6yue13ri)

    dangjinshijie,kexuejishutufeimengjin,zhishijingjiyijianduanni,guolijingzhengriqujilie。jiaoyuzaizongheguolidexingchengzhongchuyujichudiwei,guolideqiangruoyuelaiyuequjueyulaodongzhedesuzhi,qujueyugeleirencaidezhiliangheshuliang,zheiduiyupeiyanghezaojiuwoguoershiyishijideyidaixinrentichulegengjiapoqiedeyaoqiu。woguozhengchuzaijianlishehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhiheshixianxiandaihuajianshezhanlvemubiaodeguanjianshiqi。xinzhongguochengli50nianlaitebieshigaigekaifangyilai,jiaoyushiyedegaigeyufazhanqudelelingrenzhumudejudachengjiu。danmianduixindexingshi,youyuzhuguanhekeguandengfangmiandeyuanyin,womendejiaoyuguannian、jiaoyutizhi、jiaoyujiegou、rencaipeiyangmoshi、jiaoyuneironghejiaoxuefangfaxiangduizhihou,yingxiangleqingshaoniandequanmianfazhan,bunengshiyingtigaoguominsuzhidexuyao。quandang、quanshehuibixucongwoguoshehuizhuyishiyexingwangfadahezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdedajuchufa,yidengxiaopinglilunweizhidao,quanmianguancheluoshidangdeshiwudajingshen,shenhuajiaoyugaige,quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,goujianyigechongmanshengjideyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyijiaoyutixi,weishishikejiaoxingguozhanlvediandingjianshiderencaihezhishijichu。

    yi、quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,peiyangshiyingershiyishijixiandaihuajianshexuyaodeshehuizhuyixinren

    1.shishisuzhijiaoyu,jiushiquanmianguanchedangdejiaoyufangzhen,yitigaoguominsuzhiweigenbenzongzhi,yipeiyangxueshengdechuangxinjingshenheshijiannengliweizhongdian,zaojiu“youlixiang、youdaode、youwenhua、youjilv”de、dezhitimeidengquanmianfazhandeshehuizhuyishiyejianshezhehejiebanren。

    quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,yaomianxiangxiandaihua、mianxiangshijie、mianxiangweilai,shishoujiaoyuzhejianchixuexikexuewenhuayujiaqiangsixiangxiuyangdetongyi,jianchixuexishubenzhishiyutoushenshehuishijiandetongyi,jianchishixianzishenjiazhiyufuwuzuguorenmindetongyi,jianchishuliyuandalixiangyujinxingjiankufendoudetongyi。

    quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,yaojianchimianxiangquantixuesheng,weixueshengdequanmianfazhanchuangzaoxiangyingdetiaojian,yifabaozhangshilingertongheqingshaonianxuexidejibenquanli,zunzhongxueshengshenxinfazhantedianhejiaoyuguilv,shixueshengshengdonghuopo、jijizhudongdidedaofazhan。

    2.shishisuzhijiaoyuyingdangguanchuanyuyouerjiaoyu、zhongxiaoxuejiaoyu、zhiyejiaoyu、chengrenjiaoyu、gaodengjiaoyudenggejigeleijiaoyu,yingdangguanchuanyuxuexiaojiaoyu、jiatingjiaoyuheshehuijiaoyudenggegefangmian。zaibutongjieduanhebutongfangmianyingdangyoubutongdeneironghezhongdian,xianghupeihe,quanmiantuijin。zaibutongdiquhaiyingtixiandiqutedian,youqishishaoshuminzudiqudetedian。

    shishisuzhijiaoyu,bixubadeyu、zhiyu、tiyu、meiyudengyoujiditongyizaijiaoyuhuodongdegegehuanjiezhong。xuexiaojiaoyubujinyaozhuahaozhiyu,gengyaozhongshideyu,haiyaojiaqiangtiyu、meiyu、laodongjishujiaoyuheshehuishijian,shizhufangmianjiaoyuxianghushentou、xiediaofazhan,cujinxueshengdequanmianfazhanhejiankangchengzhang。

    3.gejigeleixuexiaobixugengjiazhongshideyugongzuo,yimakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixianghedengxiaopinglilunweizhidao,anzhaodeyuzongtimubiaohexueshengchengzhangguilv,quedingbutongxuelingjieduandedeyuneirongheyaoqiu,zaipeiyangxueshengdesixiangpindehexingweiguifanfangmian,yaoxingchengyidingdemubiaodijincengci。yaojiaqiangbianzhengweiwuzhuyihelishiweiwuzhuyijiaoyu,shixueshengshulikexuedeshijieguanherenshengguan。yaoyouzhenduixingdikaizhanaiguozhuyi、jitizhuyiheshehuizhuyijiaoyu,zhonghuaminzuyouxiuwenhuachuantonghegemingchuantongjiaoyu,lixiang、lunlidaodeyijiwenmingxiguanyangchengjiaoyu,zhongguojinxiandaishi、jibenguoqing、guoneiwaixingshijiaoyuheminzhufazhijiaoyu。bafayangzhonghuaminzuyouliangchuantongtongjijixuexishijieshangyiqieyouxiuwenmingchengguojieheqilai。gaodengxuexiaoyaojinyibujiaqiangdengxiaopinglilun“jinjiaocai、jinketang、jinxueshengtounao”gongzuo。zhiyexuexiaoyaojiaqiangzhiyedaodejiaoyu。

    jinyibugaijindeyugongzuodefangshifangfa,yudeyuyugexuekejiaoxuezhizhong,jiaqiangxuexiaodeyuyuxueshengshenghuoheshehuishijiandelianxi,jiangjiushijixiaoguo,kefuxingshizhuyiqingxiang。zhenduixinxingshixiaqingshaonianchengzhangdetedian,jiaqiangxueshengdexinlijiankangjiaoyu,peiyangxueshengjianrenbubadeyizhi、jiankufendoudejingshen,zengqiangqingshaonianshiyingshehuishenghuodenengli。jiaqiangminzutuanjiejiaoyu,guifanguofangjiaoyu,tigaoxueshengdeguojiaanquanyishi,jixugaohaojunxungongzuobingshizhizhiduhua。jiaqiangxiaoyuandejingshenwenmingjianshe,yanjinyiqiefengjianmixinheqitayouhaiyuxueshengshenxinjiankangdehuodongjiwupinchuanruxiaoyuan。jiaqianggongqingtuan、shaoxianduihexueshenghuigongzuo,zaipeiyanghetigaoxueshengsuzhifangmianfahuigengdadezuoyong。shehuigefangmianyaoweiqingshaoniantigongyouxiudejingshenwenhuachanpinhedeyuhuodongjidi,xingchengxuexiao、jiatingheshehuigongtongcanyudeyugongzuodexingeju。

    4.zhiyugongzuoyaozhuanbianjiaoyuguannian,gaigerencaipeiyangmoshi,jijishixingqifashihetaolunshijiaoxue,jifaxueshengdulisikaohechuangxindeyishi,qieshitigaojiaoxuezhiliang。yaorangxueshengganshou、lijiezhishichanshenghefazhandeguocheng,peiyangxueshengdekexuejingshenhechuangxinsiweixiguan,zhongshipeiyangxueshengshoujichulixinxidenengli、huoquxinzhishidenengli、fenxihejiejuewentidenengli、yuyanwenzibiaodanengliyijituanjiexiezuoheshehuihuodongdenengli。

    gaodengjiaoyuyaozhongshipeiyangdaxueshengdechuangxinnengli、shijiannenglihechuangyejingshen,pubiantigaodaxueshengderenwensuyanghekexuesuzhi。zhiyejiaoyuhechengrenjiaoyuyaoshixueshengzaizhangwobixudewenhuazhishidetongshi,juyoushuliandezhiyejinengheshiyingzhiyebianhuadenengli。jianqingzhongxiaoxueshengkeyefudanyichengweituixingsuzhijiaoyuzhongkeburonghuandewenti,yaoqieshirenzhenjiayijiejue。gejizhengfudouyaojianlijianquanjianqingxueshengkeyefudandejiandujianchajizhi。yaozhongshiyingyouerdeshentifayuhezhilikaifa,pujiyingyouerzaoqijiaoyudekexuezhishihefangfa。

    5.jiankangtiposhiqingshaonianweizuguoherenminfuwudejibenqianti,shizhonghuaminzuwangshengshengminglidetixian。xuexiaojiaoyuyaoshulijiankangdiyidezhidaosixiang,qieshijiaqiangtiyugongzuo,shixueshengzhangwojibendeyundongjineng,yangchengjianchiduanlianshentidelianghaoxiguan。quebaoxueshengtiyukechenghekewaitiyuhuodongshijian,buzhunjizhantiyuhuodongshijianhechangsuo。jubanduozhongduoyangdequntixingtiyuhuodong,peiyangxueshengdejingzhengyishi、hezuojingshenhejianqiangyili。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaotongchouguihua,weixuexiaokaizhantiyuhuodongtigongbiyaotiaojian。peiyangxueshengdelianghaoweishengxiguan,lejiekexueyingyangzhishi。genjunongcundeshijitiaojianhexuyao,youzhenduixingdijiaqiangnongcunxuexiaodetiyuheweishenggongzuo。

    6.meiyubujinnengtaoyeqingcao、tigaosuyang,erqieyouzhuyukaifazhili,duiyucujinxueshengquanmianfazhanjuyoubuketidaidezuoyong。yaojinkuaigaibianxuexiaomeiyugongzuoboruodezhuangkuang,jiangmeiyurongruxuexiaojiaoyuquanguocheng。zhongxiaoxueyaojiaqiangyinle、meishuketangjiaoxue,gaodengxuexiaoyingyaoqiuxueshengxuanxiuyidingxueshidebaokuoyishuzaineiderenwenxuekekecheng。kaizhanfengfuduocaidekewaiwenhuayishuhuodong,zengqiangxueshengdemeigantiyan,peiyangxueshengxinshangmeihechuangzaomeidenengli。difanggejirenminzhengfuhegeyouguanbumenyaoweixuexiaomeiyugongzuochuangzaotiaojian,jixuwanshanwenhuajingjizhengce,geleiwenhuachangsuo(bowuguan、kejiguan、wenhuaguan、jinianguandeng)yaoxiangxueshengmianfeihuoyouhuikaifang,guliwenhuayishutuantidaoxuexiaoyanchugaoyajiankangdejiemu。nongcunzhongxiaoxueyeyaochongfenliyongdangdiwenhuaziyuan,yindizhiyidikaizhanmeiyuhuodong。

    7.jiaoyuyushengchanlaodongxiangjieheshipeiyangquanmianfazhanrencaidezhongyaotujing。gejigeleixuexiaoyaocongshijichufa,jiaqianghegaijinduixueshengdeshengchanlaodongheshijianjiaoyu,shiqijiechuziran、lejieshehui,peiyangreailaodongdexiguanhejiankufendoudejingshen。jianliqingshaoniancanyushequfuwuheshequjianshedezhidu。zhongxiaoxueyaogulixueshengjijicanjiaxingshiduoyangdekewaishijianhuodong,peiyangdongshounengli;zhiyexuexiaoyaoshixingchanjiaojiehe,gulixueshengzaishijianzhongzhangwozhiyejineng;gaodengxuexiaoyaojiaqiangshehuishijian,zuzhixueshengcanjiakexueyanjiu、jishukaifahetuiguanghuodongyijishehuifuwuhuodong。liyongjiaqizuzhizhiyuanzhedaochengxiangzhigong、zhinong、zhiyihezhijiao。shehuigefangmianyaoweixuexiaokaizhanshengchanlaodong、kejihuodongheqitashehuishijianhuodongtigongbiyaodetiaojian,tongshiyaojiaqiangxueshengxiaowailaodongheshehuishijianjididejianshe。

    er、shenhuajiaoyugaige,weishishisuzhijiaoyuchuangzaotiaojian

    8.jibenpujijiunianyiwujiaoyuhejibensaochuqingzhuangnianwenmang(jiancheng“liangji”),shiquanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyudejichu。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaojixujiang“liangji”zuoweijiaoyugongzuode“zhongzhongzhizhong”,quebao2000nian“liangji”mubiaodeshixianhedabiaohoudegongguyutigao。gediyaocongshijichufa,gaizaoboruoxuexiao,tigaoyiwujiaoyujieduandezhengtibanxueshuiping。2000nianhouyaojixushishi“guojiapinkundiquyiwujiaoyugongcheng”,jiadaduipinkundiquheshaoshuminzudiqudefuchilidu,jixujiaqiangfadadiquduishaoshuminzupinkundiqudejiaoyuduikouzhiyuangongzuo,qieshijiejuenongcunchuzhongchuoxuelvpiangaodewenti,tongshidalitigaoyiwujiaoyujieduancanjiertongshaonianderuxuelv。

    9.diaozhengxianyoujiaoyutixijiegou,kuodagaozhongjieduanjiaoyuhegaodengjiaoyudeguimo,tuokuanrencaichengzhangdedaolu,jianhuanshengxueyali。tongguoduozhongxingshijijifazhangaodengjiaoyu,dao2010nian,woguotonglingrenkoudegaodengjiaoyuruxuelvyaocongxianzaide9%tigaodao15%zuoyou。yaozaiquebao“liangji”deqiantixia,jijifazhanbaokuoputongjiaoyuhezhiyejiaoyuzaineidegaozhongjieduanjiaoyu,weichuzhongbiyeshengtigongduozhongxingshidexuexijihui。zaichengshihejingjifadadiquyaoyoubuzhoudipujigaozhongjieduanjiaoyu。

    gaodengzhiyejiaoyushigaodengjiaoyudezhongyaozuchengbufen。yaodalifazhangaodengzhiyejiaoyu,peiyangyidapijuyoubiyaodelilunzhishihejiaoqiangshijiannengli,shengchan、jianshe、guanli、fuwudiyixianhenongcunjixudezhuanmenrencai。xianyoudezhiyedaxue、dulishezhidechengrengaoxiaohebufengaodengzhuankexuexiaoyaotongguogaige、gaizuhegaizhi,zhubudiaozhengweizhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan),zhichibenkegaodengxuexiaojubanhuoyuqiyehezuojubanzhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan)。sheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfuzaiduidangdijiaoyuziyuandetongchouxia,keyijubanzonghexing、shequxingdezhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan)。

    10.goujianyushehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhihejiaoyuneizaiguilvxiangshiying、butongleixingjiaoyuxianghugoutongxianghuxianjiedejiaoyutizhi,weixuexiaobiyeshengtigongjixuxuexishenzaodejihui。zhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan)kecaiquduozhongfangshizhaoshouputonggaozhongbiyeshenghezhongdengzhiyexuexiaobiyesheng。zhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan)biyeshengjingguoyidingxuanbachengxukeyijinrubenkegaodengxuexiaojixuxuexi。

    gaodengxuexiaohezhongdengzhiyexuexiaoyaochuangzaotiaojianshixingdanxingdexuexizhidu,fangkuanzhaoshengheruxuedenianlingxianzhi,yunxufenjieduanwanchengxueye。dalifazhanxiandaiyuanchengjiaoyu、zhiyezigezhengshujiaoyuheqitajixujiaoyu。wanshanzixuekaoshizhidu,xingchengshehuihua、kaifangshidejiaoyuwangluo,weishiyingduocengci、duoxingshidejiaoyuxuqiukaipigengweiguangkuodetujing,zhujianwanshanzhongshenxuexitixi。

    11.jinyibujianzhengfangquan,jiadashengjirenminzhengfufazhanheguanlibendiqujiaoyudequanliyijitongchoulidu,cujinjiaoyuyudangdijingjishehuifazhanjinmijiehe。jinhou3nian,jixuanzhao“gongjian、diaozheng、hezuo、hebing”defangshi,jibenwanchenggaodengjiaoyuguanlitizhihebujujiegoudediaozheng,xingchengzhongyangheshengjirenminzhengfuliangjiguanli、yishengjirenminzhengfuguanliweizhudexintizhi,helipeizhijiaoyuziyuan,tigaojiaoyuzhilianghebanxuexiaoyi。jingguowuyuanshouquan,bafazhangaodengzhiyejiaoyuhedabufengaodengzhuankejiaoyudequanliyijizerenjiaojishengjirenminzhengfu,shengjirenminzhengfuyifaguanlizhiyejishuxueyuan(huozhiyexueyuan)hegaodengzhuankexuexiao。gaodengzhiyejiaoyu(baokuogaodengzhuankexuexiao)dezhaoshengjihuagaiyoushengjirenminzhengfuzhiding,qizhaoshengkaoshishiyiyoushengjirenminzhengfuzixingqueding。

    jixuwanshanjichujiaoyuzhuyaoyoudifangfuze、fenjiguanlidetizhi。genjugedishiji,jiadaxianjirenminzhengfuduijiaoyujingfei、jiaoshiguanlihexiaozhangrenmiandengfangmiandetongchouquan。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaojiaqiangduizhiyejiaoyuhechengrenjiaoyudetongchou。xuelijiaoyuyoujiaoyuxingzhengbumenfuzeguanli。zaigaozhongjiqiyishangjiaoyudebanxueshuipingpinggu、renliziyuanyucehebiyeshengjiuyezhidaodengfangmian,jinyibufahuifeizhengfudexingyexiehuizuzhiheshehuizhongjiejigoudezuoyong。

    anzhao《zhonghuarenmingongheguogaodengjiaoyufa》deguiding,qieshiluoshihekuodagaodengxuexiaodebanxuezizhuquan,zengqiangxuexiaoshiyingdangdijingjishehuifazhandehuoli。jiaqiangduigaodengxuexiaodejianduhebanxuezhiliangjiancha,zhubuxingchengduixuexiaobanxuexingweihejiaoyuzhiliangdeshehuijiandujizhiyijipingjiatixi,wanshangaodengxuexiaoziwoyueshu、ziwoguanlijizhi。jinyibukuodagaodengxuexiaozhaosheng、zhuanyeshezhidengzizhuquan,gaodengxuexiaokeyidaowaidihezuobanxue,shenhuaxuexiaoneibuguanlitizhigaige,jinyibujingjianjigou,jianyuanzengxiao。gaigefenpeihejianglizhidu,shixingduolaoduode、youlaoyouchou。jiadaxuexiaohouqingaigelidu,zhububolixuexiaohouqinxitong,tuidonghouqingongzuoshehuihua,gulishehuililiangweixuexiaotigonghouqinfuwu,fazhanjiaoyuchanye。

    12.jinyibujiefangsixiang、zhuanbianguannian,jijigulihezhichishehuililiangyiduozhongxingshibanxue,manzurenminqunzhongriyizengzhangdejiaoyuxuqiu,xingchengyizhengfubanxueweizhuti、gongbanxuexiaoheminbanxuexiaogongtongfazhandegeju。fanfuheguojiayouguanfalvfaguidebanxuexingshi,junkedadanshiyan。zaifazhanminbanjiaoyufangmianmaichugengdadebufa。gulishehuililiangyigezhongfangshijubangaozhongjieduanhegaodengzhiyejiaoyu。jingguojiajiaoyuxingzhengzhuguanbumenpizhun.keyijubanminbanputonggaodengxuexiao。zaibaozhengshilingertong、shaonianjunnengjiujinjinrugongbanxiaoxuehechuzhongdeqiantixia,keyunxushelishaoshuminbanxiaoxuehechuzhong,zaizheigefanweineitigongzexiaojihui,danbugao“yixiaoliangzhi”。jijifazhanyishequweiyituode、gongbanyuminbanxiangjiehedeyouerjiaoyu。yaoyindizhiyidizhidingyouhuizhengce(rutudiyouhuishiyong、mianzhengpeitaofeideng),zhichishehuililiangbanxue。

    gejirenminzhengfuyaojiaqiangduiminbanjiaoyudeguanli、yindaohejiandu,guojiayaojiakuaiminbanjiaoyudelifa,cujinminbanjiaoyudejiankangfazhan。gejigeleiminbanxuexiaodouyaoyifabanxue,buduantigaobanxueshuiping。

    13.jiakuaigaigezhaoshengkaoshihepingjiazhidu,gaibian“yicikaoshidingzhongshen”dezhuangkuang。gaigegaokaozhidushituijinzhongxiaoxuequanmianshishisuzhijiaoyudezhongyaocuoshi,anzhaoyouzhuyugaodengxuexiaoxuanbarencai、zhongxiaoxueshishisuzhijiaoyuhekuodagaodengxuexiaobanxuezizhuquandeyuanze,jijituijingaokaozhidugaige。jinxingmeinianjubanliangcigaodengxuexiaozhaoshengkaoshideshidian。gaokaokemushezhiheneirongdegaigeyingjinyibutuchuduinenglihezonghesuzhidekaocha。guliyoutiaojiandeshengjirenminzhengfujinxingduozhongxingshidegaokaozhidugaigeshiyan,kuodaxuexiaodezhaoshengzizhuquanhekaoshengdexuanzejihui。zhubujianlijuyouduozhongxuanzede、gengjiakexuehegongzhengdegaodengxuexiaozhaoshengxuanbazhidu。

    zaipujijiunianyiwujiaoyudediqu,shixingxiaoxuebiyeshengmianshijiujinshengxuedebanfa。guligedizhongxiaoxuezixingzuzhibiyekaoshi,caiquduozhongxingshigaigegaozhongjieduanxuexiaodezhaoshengbanfa,gaigegaozhonghuikaozhidu。jianlifuhesuzhijiaoyuyaoqiudeduixuexiao、jiaoshihexueshengdepingjiajizhi。difanggejirenminzhengfubudexiadashengxuezhibiao,budeyishengxuelvzuoweipingjiaxuexiaogongzuodebiaozhun。gulishehuigejie、jiazhanghexueshengyishidangfangshicanyuduixuexiaogongzuodepingjia。

    14.diaozhenghegaigekechengtixi、jiegou、neirong,jianlixindejichujiaoyukechengtixi,shixingguojiakecheng、difangkechenghexuexiaokecheng。gaibiankechengguofenqiangdiaoxueketixi、tuolishidaiheshehuifazhanyijixueshengshijidezhuangkuang。zhuajinjianligengxinjiaoxueneirongdejizhi,jiaqiangkechengdezonghexingheshijianxing,zhongshishiyankejiaoxue,peiyangxueshengshijicaozuonengli。yaozengqiangnongcuntebieshipinkundiquyiwujiaoyudekecheng、jiaocaiyudangdijingjishehuifazhandeshiyingxing。cujinjiaocaideduoyanghua,jinyibuwanshanguojiaduijichujiaoyujiaocaidepingshenzhidu。jijituijinjiaoxuegaige,tigaoketangjiaoxuedezhiliang,guojiahedifangyaojianglibingtuiguangfuhesuzhijiaoyuyaoqiudeyouxiujiaoxuechengguo。

    zhiyejiaoyuyaozengqiangzhuanyedeshiyongxing,kaifahebianxietixianxinzhishi、xinjishu、xingongyihexinfangfadejuyouzhiyejiaoyutesedekechengjijiaocai。gaodengjiaoyuyaojiakuaikechenggaigehejiaoxuegaige,jixudiaozhengzhuanyejiegouheshezhi,shixueshengjinzaodicanyukejiyanjiukaifahechuangxinhuodong,gulikuaxuekexuanxiukecheng,peiyangjichuzhashi、zhishimiankuan,juyouchuangxinnenglidegaosuzhizhuanmenrencai。

    15.dalitigaojiaoyujishushouduandexiandaihuashuipinghejiaoyuxinxihuachengdu。guojiazhichijiansheyizhongguojiaoyukeyanwangheweixingshipinxitongweijichudexiandaiyuanchengjiaoyuwangluo,jiaqiangjingjishiyongxingzhongduanpingtaixitonghexiaoyuanwangluohuojuyuwangluodejianshe,chongfenliyongxianyouziyuanhegezhongyinxiangshouduan,jixugaohaoduoyanghuadedianhuajiaoyuhejisuanjifuzhujiaoxue。zaigaozhongjieduandexuexiaoheyoutiaojiandechuzhong、xiaoxuepujijisuanjicaozuohexinxijishujiaoyu,shijiaoyukeyanwangluojinruquanbugaodengxuexiaoheguganzhongdengzhiyexuexiao,zhubujinruzhongxiaoxue。caiquyouxiaocuoshi,dalikaifayouxiudejiaoyujiaoxueruanjian。yunyongxiandaiyuanchengjiaoyuwangluoweishehuichengyuantigongzhongshenxuexidejihui,weinongcunhebianyuandiqutigongshihedangdixuyaodejiaoyu。

    16.nuligaibianjiaoyuyujingji、kejixiangtuojiedezhuangkuang,cujinjiaoyuhejingji、kejidemiqiejiehe。gaodengjiaoyushishisuzhijiaoyu,yaojiaqiangchanxueyanjiehe,dalituijingaodengxuexiaohechanyejieyijikeyanyuansuodehezuo,guliyoutiaojiandegaodengxuexiaojianlikejiqiye,qiyezaigaodengxuexiaojianliyanjiujigou,gaodengxuexiaozaiqiyejianlishixijidi。caiyongduozhongxingshi,shigaodengxuexiaokeyanjigoujinruqiye,tigaogaodengxuexiaokejichengguodezhuanhualv,jiakuaishiyongkejichengguoxiangqiyedezhuanyi,zengqiangqiyedejishuchuangxinnengli,peiyuxindejingjizengzhangdian。yaochuangjianruogansuojuyoushijiexianjinshuipingdeyiliudaxueheyipiyiliuxueke,zaigaodengxuexiaojiansheyipijichurencai,youchuchengguodejichuyanjiuheyingyongyanjiujidi,weiguojiachuangxintixijianshehexiandaihuajianshezuochugongxian。jixutuijinchengshijiaoyuzonghegaige。zhiyejiaoyuhechengrenjiaoyuyaotongguoduozhongfangshi,weijiakuaitigaolaodongzhesuzhi,weizhuangang、fenliu、xiagangzhigongzaijiuyetigongjiaoyuhepeixun。jinyibutuijinnongkejiaojiehe,quanmiantuijinnongcunjiaoyuzonghegaige,cujinnongcunputongjiaoyu、chengrenjiaoyuhezhiyejiaoyudetongchouxiediaofazhan,shinongcunjiaoyuqieshizhuanbiandaozhuyaoweinongcunjingjiheshehuifazhanfuwushanglai。yaobawenhuazhishijiaoyuhesaochuqingzhuangnianwenmangyushiyongshengchanjishupeixunjieheqilai,yunongmintuopinzhifujieheqilai。yaocaiqulinghuoduoyangdejiaoyupeixunxingshi,zhuajinpeiyangyidapinongcunjixudeshiyongjishutuiguangrencai、xiangzhenqiyeguanlirencaiheyiliaoweishengrencai。

    san、youhuajiegou,jianshequanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyudegaozhiliangdejiaoshiduiwu

    17.jianshegaozhiliangdejiaoshiduiwu,shiquanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyudejibenbaozheng。jiaoshiyaoreaidang,reaishehuizhuyizuguo,zhongchengyurenmindejiaoyushiye;yaoshulizhengquedejiaoyuguan、zhiliangguanherencaiguan,zengqiangshishisuzhijiaoyudezijuexing;yaobuduantigaosixiangzhengzhisuzhiheyewusuzhi,jiaoshuyuren,weirenshibiao,jingyeaisheng;yaoyoukuanguanghoushideyewuzhishihezhongshenxuexidezijuexing,zhangwobiyaodexiandaijiaoyujishushouduan;yaozunxunjiaoyuguilv,jijicanyujiaoxuekeyan,zaigongzuozhongyongyutansuochuangxin;yaoyuxueshengpingdengxiangchu,zunzhongxueshengrenge,yincaishijiao,baohuxueshengdehefaquanyi。

    18.batigaojiaoshishishisuzhijiaoyudenengliheshuipingzuoweishizipeiyang、peixundezhongdian。jiaqianghegaigeshifanjiaoyu,dalitigaoshizipeiyangzhiliang。diaozhengshifanxuexiaodecengcihebuju,gulizonghexinggaodengxuexiaohefeishifanleigaodengxuexiaocanyupeiyang、peixunzhongxiaoxuejiaoshidegongzuo,tansuozaiyoutiaojiandezonghexinggaodengxuexiaozhongshibanshifanxueyuan。2010nianqianhou,jubeitiaojiandediqulizhengshixiaoxuehechuzhongjieduanjiaoyudezhuanrenjiaoshidexuelifenbietishengdaozhuankehebenkecengci,jingjifadadiqugaozhongjieduanjiaoyudezhuanrenjiaoshihexiaozhangzhonghuoshuoshixueweizheyingdadaoyidingbili。tigaogaodengxuexiaojiaoshizhongjuyouboshixueweijiaoshidebili。

    kaizhanyipeixunquantijiaoshiweimubiao、guganjiaoshiweizhongdiandejixujiaoyu,shizhongxiaoxuejiaoshidezhengtisuzhimingxiantigao。zhongxiaoxuezhuanrenjiaoshiyijishifanxuexiaozaixiaoshengdouyaojieshoujisuanjijichuzhishihejinengpeixun。zhuyixishouqiyeyouxiugongchengjishuheguanlirenyuandaozhiyexuexiaorenjiao,jiakuaijianshejianyoujiaoshizigeheqitazhuanyejishuzhiwude“shuangshixing”jiaoshiduiwu。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaoduoqudaochouzisheliguganjiaoshizhuanxiangzijin,zaidazhongxiaoxuepeiyangyipigaoshuipingdexuekedaitourenheyoujiaodayingxiangdejiaoshuyurenzhuanjia,zaojiuyizhifuheshidaiyaoqiu、nengfahuishifanzuoyongdeguganjiaoshiduiwu。

    19.jianliyouhuajiaoshiduiwudeyouxiaojizhi,tigaojiaoshiduiwudezhengtisuzhi。quanmianshishijiaoshizigezhidu,kaizhanmianxiangshehuirendingjiaoshizigegongzuo,tuokuanjiaoshilaiyuanqudao,yinrujingzhengjizhi,wanshanjiaoshizhiwupinrenzhi,tigaojiaoyuzhilianghebanxuexiaoyi。zhongxiaoxuegenjuxuexiaobianzhipinyongjiaoshi,kemianxiangshehuigongkaizhaopin,jingxianyishangjiaoyuxingzhengbumenshenpi;gaodengxuexiaoyifazizhupinrenjiaoshi,xiyinyouxiurencaicongjiao。jixuguanxinhegaishanjiaoshidegongzuotiaojianheshenghuodaiyu。

    jiaqiangbianzhiguanli,jingjianfuyurenyuan,fuyurenyuanyuanzeshangzaijiaoyuxitongneibujinxingpeixunheanpai。gediyaorenzhenzuohaogejigeleixuexiaozhuangangjiaoshideguanlifuwugongzuo,jinyibujianlihewanshanrencailiudongdeshehuihuafuwutixi、gaohaorencaigongqiuxinxideshoujihefabugongzuo,kaizhanzhuangangqianzhiyepeixun,xiediaohecujinjiaoshideheliliudong。difanggejirenminzhengfuderenshi、laodongheshehuibaozhang、caizhengbumenyaotigongbiyaodezhengcezhidaohejingfeizhichi。

    20.helipeizhijiaoshiziyuan。gediyaozhidingzhengce,gulidazhongchengshiguganjiaoshidaojichuboruoxuexiaorenjiaohuojianzhi,zhongxiaochengshi(zhen)xuexiaojiaoshiyigezhongfangshidaonongcunquebianxuexiaorenjiao,jiaqiangnongcunyuboruoxuexiaojiaoshiduiwujianshe。chengzhenzhongxiaoxuejiaoshiyuanzeshangyaoyouyinianyishangzaiboruoxuexiaohuonongcunxuexiaorenjiaojingli,caikepinweigaojijiaoshizhiwu。caiquyouhuizhengce,xiyinhegulijiaoshidaojingjibufadadiqu、bianyuandiquheshaoshuminzudiqurenjiao。jingjifadadiquhechengshiyeyaocaiquduozhongxingshi,bangzhushaoshuminzudiquhenongcuntigaojiaoshiduiwushuiping。

    21.nulizaojiunenggoudailingguangdajiaoshihejiaoyugongzuozhejijishishisuzhijiaoyudexuexiaolingdaoyijiguanliganbuduiwu。xuexiaoxiaozhangzaituijinsuzhijiaoyuzhongjuyouteshuzuoyong,yaolvxianzhuanbianjiaoyuguannian,balingdaojiaozhigongchuangzaoxingdishishisuzhijiaoyuzuoweizhongyaozhize。yaojixugongguhewanshanzhongxiaoxuexiaozhanggangweipeixunhechizhengshanggangzhidu,shixingxiaozhangzhijizhi,zhubuwanshanxiaozhangxuanbaherenyongzhidu,guliyouxiuxiaozhangdaoboruoxuexiaorenzhi。duiyufuyudexuexiaoguanlirenyuanyaozhuangangfenliu。

    si、jiaqianglingdao,quandang、quanshehuigongtongnulikaichuangsuzhijiaoyudexinmianmao

    22.quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,bixuqieshijiaqiangdanghezhengfudelingdao。dengxiaopingtongzhizhichu: “womenyaoqianfangbaiji,zaibiedefangmianrennaiyixie,shenzhiyuxishengyidiansudu,bajiaoyuwentijiejuehao。”gejidangweiherenminzhengfuyaoqieshiluoshijiaoyuyouxianfazhandezhanlvediwei。quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyushidanghezhengfudezhongyaozhize,gejilingdaoganbuyaozhuanbianguannian,chongfenrenshisuzhijiaoyudezhongyaoxinghejinpoxing,basixiangtongyidaozhongyangdejuedingshanglai,renzhenguancheluoshi。jianlizishangerxiadesuzhijiaoyupinggujianchatixi,zhujikaohesheng、shi、xian、xianggejidangweihezhengfujiqizhuyaolingdaoganbuzhuasuzhijiaoyugongzuodeqingkuang。gejidangweihezhengfujiqiyouguanbumenyaotonglixiezuo,weishishisuzhijiaoyuchuangzaolianghaodezhengcehuanjing,zhuyiyanjiuxinqingkuanghexinwenti,gulidadanshijian,zunzhongqunzhongdeshouchuangjingshen。zhongshihejiaqiangjiaoyukexueyanjiu,tigaozhengfujueceheguanlidekexuexing。

    23.quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,genbenshangyaokaofazhi、kaozhidubaozhang。gejirenminzhengfuhegebumenyaoqieshizuodaoyifaxingzheng,baozhengjiaoyufangzhendequanmianguanchezhixing。gejidangzhenglingdaoheguangdajiaoyugongzuozheyaoshenrujinxingjiaoyufalvfaguidexuexi、xuanchuanhuodong,tigaofalvyishi,yangelvxingbaohushaonianertonghexueshengshenxinjiankangfazhandefalvzhize,jianjuezhizhiqinfanxueshenghefaquanyidexingwei,dizhifangaixueshengjiankangchengzhangdegezhongshehuibuliangyingxiang。gediyaoyifabaozhangjiaoshidehefaquanyi,budetuoqianjiaoshigongzi。yaozhengzhixiaoyuanneibuhezhoubianhuanjing,weihuxuexiaozhengchangzhixu。

    jixuwanshanguojiajiaoyulifa,jiadajiaoyuzhifalidu,jiaqiangjiaoyufazhijigouheduiwujianshe,wanshanjiaoyuxingzhengzhifajiandujizhi。zhidingyouguansuzhijiaoyudezhiduhefagui,zhubushixiansuzhijiaoyuzhiduhua、fazhihua。

    jinyibujianquanjiaoyududaojigou,wanshanjiaoyududaozhidu,zaijixujinxing“liangji”dudaojianchadetongshi,babaozhangshishisuzhijiaoyuzuoweijiaoyududaogongzuodezhongyaorenwu。

    24.nulicaiquyouxiaocuoshi,qieshijiadajiaoyutouru,zhubushixianguojiacaizhengxingjiaoyujingfeizhichuzhanguominshengchanzongzhi4%demubiao。gejirenminzhengfubixuanzhao《zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoyufa》deguiding,quebaojiaoyujingfeiyoujiaodazengzhang。zhongyangjueding,zi1998nianqizhi2002niande5nianzhong,tigaozhongyangbenjicaizhengzhichuzhongjiaoyujingfeisuozhandebili,meiniantigao1gebaifendian。gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashirenminzhengfuyeyaogenjubendishiji,zengjiabenjicaizhengzhongjiaoyujingfeidezhichu。yaojinyibuyifajiaqiangchengxiangjiaoyufeifujiadezhengshouheguanli,nongcunjiaoyufeifujiashixingxiangzheng、xianguan、xiangyong,quebaowanquanyongyujiaoyu。

    jinyibuwanshanjiaoyujingfeibokuanbanfa,chongfenfahuijiaoyubokuanzaihongguandiaokongzhongdezuoyong,buduantigaojiaoyujingfeideshiyongxiaoyi。zhengfudejiaoyubokuanzhuyaoyongyubaozhengpujiyiwujiaoyuhechengdanputonggaodengjiaoyudedabufenjingfei。difanggejirenminzhengfuyaoquebaoyiwujiaoyudezijintourubingzuodaozhuankuanzhuanyong。zaifeiyiwujiaoyujieduan,yaoshidangzengjiaxuefeizaipeiyangchengbenzhongdebili,zhubujianlishiheshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhiyijizhengfugonggongcaizhengtizhidecaizhengjiaoyubokuanzhengcehechengbenfendanjizhi。jiaqiangjiaoyujingfeideguanli,yangejinzhiluanshoufei。renzhenzuzhishishijiaoyuchuxu、jiaoyubaoxianhezhuxuedaikuanzhidu,wanshanjiangxuejinzhidu。jijiyunyongcaizheng、jinrongheshuishouzhengce,jixugulishehui、gerenheqiyetouzibanxuehejuan(ji)zizhuxue,buduanwanshanduoqudaochoucuojiaoyujingfeidetizhi。

    25.shehuiyongrenzhiduduiyushishisuzhijiaoyuyouzhezhongyaodedaoxiangzuoyong,gaigeyongrenzhidushiquanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyudedangwuzhiji。yaoyifazhuajinzhidingguojiazhiye(jineng)biaozhun,mingqueduigeleilaodongzhedegangweiyaoqiu,jijituixinglaodongyubeizhidu,jianchishixing“xianpeixun、houshanggang”dejiuyezhidu,jixugaigedazhongzhuanbiyeshengjiuyezhidu,shixueshengshulizhengquedezeyeguan。difangzhengfujiaoyubumenyaoyurenshi、laodongheshehuibaozhangbumengongtongxiediao,zaiquanshehuishixingxueyezhengshu、zhiyezigezhengshubingzhongdezhidu。zhuanbianchuantongderencaiguannian,xingchengshiyongrencaizhongsuzhi、zhongshijinenglidelianghaofengqi。

    26.quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,shiwoguojiaoyushiyedeyichangshenkebiange,shiyixiangshiguanquanju、yingxiangshenyuanheshejishehuigefangmiandexitonggongcheng。yaojinyibujiaqiangxuexiaodangdegongzuo,chongfenfahuidangyuanzaishishisuzhijiaoyuzhongdemofandaitouzuoyong。yaotongguoxinwenmeitidezhengqueyulundaoxiang,shenrudongyuanshehuigejieguanxin、zhichihetoushensuzhijiaoyu。xuexiao、jiatingheshehuiyaohuxianggoutong、jijipeihe,gongtongkaichuangsuzhijiaoyugongzuodexinjumian。

    yaojixurenzhenluoshiguowuyuanpizhuande《mianxiang2lshijijiaoyuzhenxingxingdongjihua》。quanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyu,shidangzhongyangheguowuyuanweijiakuaishishikejiaoxingguozhanlvezuochudeyouyizhongdajuece,gejidangweiherenminzhengfuyaojiehebendishijiqingkuang,chuangzaoxingdibasuzhijiaoyuluodaoshichu,zaiyijiangzemintongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangdelingdaoxia,gaojudengxiaopinglilunweidaqizhi,weishixianshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshehongweimubiaohezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzuochugengdadegongxian。

    junduixitongxuexiaoruheluoshibenwenjianjingshen,youzhongyangjunweizuochujueding。

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